“For myself, I always write about Dublin, because if I can get to the heart of Dublin I can get to the heart of all the cities of the world. In the particular is contained the universal”.
Born in Dublin on February 2nd 1882, to John Stanislaus Joyce and Mary Jane Murray, Joyce was educated at Clongowes Wood School and Belvedere College and initially seemed destined for the priesthood until his involvement with the “Irish Literary Renaissance” pushed him in a different direction.
Though not printed until 1913 he completed Dubliners in 1905 and spent the intervening years depending on his lover Nora Barnacle and brother Stanislaus for emotional and financial support.
In 1914 and 1915 a Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man was initially serialised until he gained the attention of American poet Ezra Pound and it was printed in full in both New York and Paris.
Ulysses followed in 1922 and Joyce was hailed by many as a genius. Unfortunately not everyone agreed as the novel was banned in both the US and the UK and a lengthy court battle meant that it wasn’t published in the US until 1934, and 1934 in the UK.
By that time Joyce had completed his final novel – Finnegan’s Wake – which in contrast to Ulysses was deemed a critical failure. Joyce died on January 13th 1941 and is buried in Zurich’s Fluntern Cemetery.